A chicken-cholesterol versus corned beef-cholesterol absorption kinetics case report

James A Cocores

    As of August 12, 2018, health organizations [1-3] and clinical entities [4-5] have recommended eating more chicken to reduce risk prevalence and postpone or prevent the genesis of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) and stroke, reasoning that chicken contains lower amounts of cholesterol than corned beef.

Effects of liraglutide in the treatment of severe obesity in a young patient with Parkinson’s disease

Michela Barichella*; Erica Cassani; Valentina Ferri; Davide Vallauri; Giovanna Pinelli; Chiara Pusani; Roberto Cilia; Gianni Pezzoli

    Possible neuroprotective properties of Exenatide (a GLP-1 analog) have been described in patients with Parkinson’s Disease (PD). In PD patients treated with Exenatide was reported not only significant improvement in motor performance, but also significant reduction in body weight, raising the issue of whether the improvement in motor performance was to be ascribed exclusively to treatment with Exenatide or whether it was also induced by body weight loss. We therefore decided to monitor a severely obese, young female PD patient on treatment with Liraglutide (GLP-1 analog used for the treatment of obesity in compliance with the relevant guidelines) for 6 months...

Is scurvy a 21st century diagnosis? Implications on surgical patients

Nakul Valsangkar; Heidi Schmidt; Nancy Strange RDN; William Wooden; Eugene P Ceppa*

    Objective: Scurvy, vitamin C deficiency, is seldom reported in the modern era. We sought to determine the morbidity and mortality of gastrointestinal surgery in patients with scurvy.
Methods: Patients admitted to Indiana University Health University Hospital between 2012-2013 who underwent surgery and were identified to have scurvy (serum vitamin C≤1.0 mg/dL), were included in this study. Data regarding demographics, surgical procedures, post-operative course, and relevant biochemical markers were collected and a descriptive analysis was performed using SPSS version 15®

Longitudinal association between vitamin D intake and taking hypertension medications 20 Years Later: The CARDIA study

Kevin M Rice*; Chris Gillette; Cynthia B Jones; Eric R Blough

    Previous research has shown high rates of cardiovascular diseases in patients with low levels of vitamin D. This is a retrospective study that used the CARDIA dataset to examine the association between subject-reported vitamin-D intake and subjects taking antihypertensive medications after 20 years, beginning in 1985 through 2006. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to analyze the data. We found that almost 12% (n=150) of subjects reported taking at least one medication for hypertension in 2005-2006.

A case-control study on heme/non-heme iron and breast cancer risk

Alvaro L Ronco*; Edison Espinosa; Juan M Calderón

    Background and purpose: Iron metabolism was found to be implicated in Breast Cancer (BC). Although dietary iron showed inconsistencies regarding its possible associations with BC risk, its source might be important. We have reported that an animal/plant ratio of dietary iron was directly associated to this risk. Based on estimates of heme and non-heme iron contents in representative foods, we carried out the present study, with the aim of more accurately reanalyzing dietary iron and its role on BC risk.

Associations between eating habits and food intake in Austrian adolescents

Clemens Drenowatz*; Klaus Greier; Paul Klein

    Objective: Dietary habits play an important role in the prevention of chronic diseases as well as the development of children and adolescents. Changes in lifestyle patterns during the last several decades have contributed to less structured eating behaviors in youth which could also affect food choices. There remains, however, limited research on the association between eating habits and food consumption in Austrian youth.

The challenge of feeding the maternal-placental-fetal triad

Muna J Tahir, PhD; Michele R Forman, PhD*

    The global epidemic of overweight and obesity in pre-pregnancy and excessive gestation weight gain are challenging the nutrition community to formulate a literacy platform with guidelines for pregnancy weight gain. Before developing a health literacy platform, understanding the central role of the placenta as a mediator of the mother and fetus is critical. In this brief, we present ...

Clinical nutritional assessment methods and their progress in hepatocellular carcinoma patients

Guanping Qiu; Yaokai Wen; Yadi Liao*; Yuanfeng Gong

    Objective: To summarize the nutritional assessment methods of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) patients and their recent progress, so as to provide reference for reasonable nutritional evaluation and consequent nutritional support for HCC patients.

Relationship between meat consumption and greenhouse gas emissions

Ampere A Tseng

    Correlation formulas are developed to estimate the dietary and total greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) from the nineteen countries of the Group of Twenty (G20) and the world using personal meat consumption as the only input. Based on 47,381 dietary survey samples, quadratic formulas are developed to correlate the meat consumption with GHGEs from human dietary and total activities. The formula reliability is established by comparing formula predictions with peer-reviewed results.

Protein intake in women with breast cancer before, during, and after treatment

María M Morales Suárez-Varela*; Amparo Ruiz Simon; Ana Belen Lopez-Anton; Salvador Blanch Tormo; Ismael Pastor Climente; Maximino Redondo Bautista; Agustin Llopis-Morales; Agustin Llopis-Gonzalez

    Objective: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women accounting for 16% of cancer diagnosis.It is the second cause of cancer related deaths among women. Medical treatments such as chemotherapy can negatively interfere with nutritional status. The objective of this study was to assess the intake of proteins before, during and after chemotherapy treatment in a cohort of women with non-metastatic breast cancer (stage I, II) treated at the Valencian Institute of Oncology.

Diet and cardiovascular health – What is the data?

Nabil Benhayoun*; Iris Corbasson; Mitchell Karl; Antonello Santini

    Cardiovascular diseases can probably considered among the most important threat for population health in the 21st Century. Healthy lifestyle and diet are key factors for a life free of chronic diseases. Prevention through diet and lifestyle is consequently a health priority. The accepted notion that diet has a significant influence on the development and prevention of cardiovascular disease triggers the studies supporting the benefits of healthy foods (e.g. fruits and vegetables), compared to foods considered less healthy (e.g. saturated fat).

Tryptophan and hops: Chrononutrition tools to improve sleep/wake circadian rythms

Rafael Bravo*; Lourdes Franco; Ana Beatriz Rodríguez; Lierni Ugartemendia; Carmen Barriga; Javier Cubero

    Chrononutrition is a field of chronobiology that establishes the principle of consuming foodstuffs at times of the day when they are more useful for health to improve biological rhythms. Tryptophan is an essential amino acid both serotonin and melatonin precursor which are involved in sleep/wake circadian rhythm, moreover melatonin synchronizes most of biological circadian rhythms and has direct scavenging actions against free radicals.

Phase angle and impedance ratio: Two specular ways to analyze body composition

Emanuele Rinninella*; Marco Cintoni; Giovanni Addolorato; Silvia Triarico; Antonio Ruggiero; Alessia Perna; Gabriella Silvestri; Antonio Gasbarrini; Maria Cristina Mele

    A high metabolic rate, occurring in cancer or other inflammatory diseases, impairs body composition. To date, scientific literature recognizes to Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA)-derived Phase Angle (PhA) a strong prognostic value in several oncological diseases. IR is a ratio between two impedances (at 5 and 200 kHz), obtained by multi-frequency BIA; it is simple and easy to measure, and it may discriminate different hydration status in several diseases.

Nutritional impact in wound care

Paul Browning

    The body's largest organ is the skin, which when breached leads to many biological activities aimed at restoring function. With the number of wounds in the community setting rising, it is important to prevent where possible, and treat where needed in the most effective way. Whilst nutrition in general terms is well recognised to improve healing outcomes, the impact to prevent wound care is not well understood. Furthermore, whilst adequate nutrition is recognised to improve the chances of wounds healing, the evidence has been largely anecdotal.

Equine nutrition: A preliminary investigation of feeding practices in equine veterinary hospitals in the USA

Katrina Park; Anna Garber; Peter Hastie; Jayne Roberts; Gulsah Kaya Karasu; Jo-Anne Murray*

    Nutrition plays an important role in equine rehabilitation, with contradictory approaches existing on correct nutritional management of patients. The preponderance of information related to nutrient requirements for horses was designed for healthy horses. Very little scientific research has been undertaken to determine specific recommendations for horses with health issues. This study provides a preliminary assessment of current feeding practices within equine hospitals in the USA. A survey was distributed to equine veterinary hospitals (n=115) and the response rate was 21%.

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