There exist many causes to evaluate whether a person uses or abuses substances. In these scenarios, it is typically understood that the assessment results will be used to help make decisions about the individual under study. Some of these decisions can greatly affect an examinee's prospects and livelihood. Due to the potential negative impact of disclosing substance use and/or related problems, it is very likely those who struggle with addiction will deny and minimize such problems to avoid penalty, and many go to great lengths to escape identification. For this reason, it can be challenging to accurately identify those who have actual problems and who may need assistance in cutting back or quitting substance use.
Prescription drug abuse represents a national public health concern. This study reports on 12-month outcomes of a drug court treatment program for 102 female offenders addicted to prescription drugs. The program utilized two evidence-based treatment models (i.e., Motivational Enhancement Therapy/Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-12 and Seeking Safety). In addition, participants were required to attend monthly judicial reviews, weekly AA/NA groups, and two random drug screens per week.
Objectives: Problem Gambling (PG) has been linked to several socio-cognitive risk and protective factors; However, knowledge on their impact on problem gamblers in Asia remains. This study compares gambling risk and protective factors between clinical problem gamblers and community individuals in Singapore.
Objectives: Studies on the addictive nature of online social networking activities are emerging, as the usage of online social networking platforms has become increasingly popular. This study aimed to investigate the effects of demographic (age and gender), psychosocial (self-efficacy, social support and life stress), and affective (anxiety) factors on Online Social Networking (OSN) addiction among college students in China and the United States.
Clinical interventions which focus on extinction learning have been shown to reduce craving and relapse in substance related and behavioural addictions. This paper reports a small pilot study with 20 problem gamblers referred for treatment by a local court diversion program. We investigated the use of portable heart rate monitors to measure the effectiveness of Cue Exposure Therapy (CET) in extinguishing gambling cue-reactivity.
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