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Clinical study and analysis of 700 cases of pneumonia in children

Hui Wen; Fang Qu*; Lei Sun; Yajie Lei; Rui Wang

    Pneumonia is a common acute disease of the respiratory tract in childhood. In this paper, 700 cases of pneumonia in Changan Hospital of Xi'an city were summarized. All seasons are easy to occur, especially in winter and spring. It is easy to recurrent attacks affect the growth and development of children, if the treatment is not complete. The clinical data of the children are reported as follows...

Unusual presentation of a choledochal cyst

Niloy Ghosh BS; Jason Nirgiotis, MD; Janet Meller, MD*

    Choledochal cysts are a rare phenomenon, with the incidence in western countries estimated to be between 1:100,000 to 1:150,000 births [1]. However, the incidence may be higher in other countries, with some reports suggesting up to 1:1000 [2]. They are more common in females, with a ratio of 3:1 or 4:1 [3,4]. Due to their congenital predominance, most choledochal cysts have been diagnosed in the pediatric population [5]. Their pathogenesis remains unclear, although recent studies suggest that an abnormal pancreaticobiliary junction (ABPJ) may play a role [6]. Choledochal cysts ...

Revisiting acute myocarditis in children to save lives

Évelin Carvalho Carneiro; Nathalie JM Bravo-Valenzuela*; José Valdez de Moura Castro

    Background: A case of sudden unexpected death of an 11-year-old child with tonsillitis illustrates acute myocarditis and the difficulty in diagnosing it...

The use of ketamine to treat neonatal refractory status epilepticus in a resource limited setting

B Jason Brotherton, MD, MS*; Arthur Partikian, MD

    Seizures occur in the neonatal period more than any other time in human life. Status Epilepticus (SE), although poorly defined for neonates, is a seizure lasting more than 30 minutes, or multiple distinct episodes of seizure without a return to neurologic baseline within a 30-minute timeframe. Refractory Status Epilepticus (RSE) is the persistence of seizure activity despite administration of first and second line Antiepileptic Drugs (AED)...

Gastrointestinal induced behavioral disturbances in children with autism spectrum disorder

Holly Hunter*; Ashley Dumas; Dianna Esmaeilpour; Nihit Kumar

    I present an 11-year-old Caucasian male with a past history of Autism Spectrum Disorder and chronic constipation with overflow incontinence admitted to an inpatient psychiatric unit for worsening agitation. This case describes a correlation between effective constipation management and subsequent reduction in agitation. According to current literature review, no similar pediatric case has described this relationship in clinical practice.

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